《城鄉風貌映臺南》大臺南文化叢書第5輯之中英文摘要

2017/10/9  
  
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《城鄉風貌映臺南》大臺南文化叢書第5輯之中英文摘要

本書為大臺南文化叢書第5輯之中英文摘要。

為包含臺南巷弄文化文學步道博物館舊街新路古井誌市場誌等書精華文之中英對照版合輯。

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內容試閱

臺南巷弄文化

Small Alleys and Back Lanes in Tainan

 

曹婷婷│Tsao Ting-ting

(節錄)

臺南,這座城市歷史悠久,文化底蘊深厚,造就了豐厚城市內涵與人文風景,這幾年,臺南學更成為一門顯學,從過往論述古蹟、小吃、美食、老店、景點,乃至後來延伸進入巷弄,找尋臺南味。

從路、街道再往裡頭細探、抽絲剝繭,才能進入巷弄,但未必每條街道都會銜接巷弄,也非所有巷弄都具備足以爬梳、一窺究竟的歷史與特色,更甚者,巷弄文化,其實也就是生活中尋常生活經驗,自成一格的文化。但凡我們總愛以「巷仔內」來形容所謂內行人,正因為巷弄,隱含秘密的味道存在。

巷仔內,不盡然會有成街集市的聚落行為,卻可能是社會縮影,街頭巷尾構築一個庄頭、社區樣貌,潛藏的反而是細膩歷史紋理、常民生活的瑣碎片花、鬧中取靜的世外桃源。

 

南瀛特色巷弄

說到臺南老街巷弄,腦袋自然浮現諸多現存知名老街的名號與樣貌,如安平老街、神農街、新美街、信義街等,但老街拼圖又豈能少了南瀛範疇?南瀛老街遍布各鄉鎮,年份、形態及現存發展狀況均不一,少了猶如舊城區的群聚效應,被認識與被看見的機會,相較之下,也就少了許多,更多,甚至已不復存。

 

一、鹽水老街

鹽水之美,從鹽水古巷道開始。

臺南市政府在2015年9月,公告鹽水老街為全臺第一個歷史街區,這也是《臺南市歷史街區振興自治條例》施行發布後,第一個正式公告區域。鹽水歷史街區涵蓋中正路、橋南老街,部分三福路、朝琴路及中山路。特色巷弄涵蓋連成巷、一銀巷、王爺巷等,一銀巷昔日又稱「魚鱗巷」、「古看西街」,和連成巷、王爺廟巷都是古月津港邊的巷道。

 

二、菁寮老街

菁寮老街早年是「嫁妝街」,與結婚喜慶相關的必備用品,舉凡喜餅、打棉被、量身訂做皮鞋、西服等,這裡一應俱全,近幾年,地方也善用嫁妝街的元素與特色,從2007年開始,包裝「菁寮嫁妝文化節」,串起了過往與今日地景的聯繫,彼時街道的繁華,雖然只剩店鋪、招牌猶在,但卻成功把觀光人潮吸引至此,在無米樂的品味稻米芳香之外,順道認識菁寮的歷史與核心精神。

 

三、東原老街

「東原老街」和臺灣多數老街很不一樣,走完一圈,街頭街尾也不過僅有零星幾家小吃店,其間,夾雜著菜攤、肉舖、理髮店、雜貨店等,但多數均為一般住家,老街自有一股風情,那是專屬於在地人享用的街道。

曾經,老街上有過風華,但探詢目前居住於此的住戶,卻也說不上個所以然,像是街角有廢棄旅社,老街也可見昔日做生意的商店,然,均已然傾圮。當地人近來萌念復興老街,申請「臺南築角計畫:足入東原,老街再生」計畫,由東山農會提供老街二塊閒置空地,預計與媒合學校團隊共同打造老街生活創意空間,希冀透過築角計畫,與在地居民共同討論整體社區及老街未來推動方向。

……

Tainan's long history and deep-rooted culture are the reasons for its richness and diversity. In recent years, Tainan has even become a subject of great interest for many people. In the past, most people visited this city for its historic sites, street food, local specialties, old shops and tourist spots. Nowadays, more and more people are venturing into small alleys and back lanes to explore the real Tainan.

Only by walking further into some main roads or streets can we enter small alleys. However, not every road is connected to small alleys nor all small alleys have features or interesting stories worth digging. Moreover, the tales of small alleys and back lanes sometimes refer to the ordinary life experience of the local people. In Taiwanese, there is a special term that includes the word "alley" to describe someone who is very knowledgeable about a subject. The use of the word "alley" alludes to small alleys having interesting secrets or stories that outsiders would not know.

We might not fi nd a big marketplace in small alleys. Instead, what we will see there is an epitome of society, telling stories of local people's lives.

 

Distinctively Featured Alleys in Old Tainan County

When it comes to old streets and alleys in Tainan, some famous ones will automatically come to mind, such as Anping Old Street, Shennong Street, Sinmei Street, and Sinyi Street. However, besides the ones located within the old Tainan City, we must not leave out those in the old Tainan County. Unlike the alleys in old Tainan City that are more clustered, alleys in the old Tainan County region are spread out everywhere. Therefore, they lack opportunities to be seen and known, or have already become history.

 

1. Yanshuei Old Street

The beauty of Yanshuei begins with its old alleys.

In September 2015, Tainan City Government made Yanshuei old street a historical site of Tainan. This announcement marked the first time that the "Historical Area Development Self-governing Act" was carried out. The Yanshuei Historical Street Area includes Jhongjheng Road, Ciaonan Old Street, part of Sanfu Road, part of Chaocin Road, and part of Jhongshan Road, as well as special lanes such as Liancheng Lane, Yiyin Lane, and Wangye Lane. In the past, Yiyin Lane was also known as Yulin Lane or Gukansi Street. This street, together with Liancheng Lane, and Wangye Lane, are all near the Moon Port.

 

2. Jingliao Old Street

In early years, Jingliao Old Street was what local people called the "dowry street," as it was fi lled with shops selling products that people needed when they prepared for weddings. Since 2007, the annual Jingliao Dowry Cultural Festival has become a great opportunity to connect the past with the present. Although some shops closed years ago, tourists still crowd this place to learn about the history and the spirit of this little street. This place is also renowned for its high-quality rice.

 

3. Dongyuan Old Street

Dongyuan Old Street is very different from most old streets in Taiwan. Except for a few shops such as diners, vegetable stalls, butcheries, barbershops, and grocery stores, most of the buildings are residential houses. Therefore, this street feels more relaxed and set aside for the local residents.

There was a period of time when this street enjoyed its prosperity. However, when I asked some residents there about it, they were not able to tell me much information regarding that piece of history. Local people recently began to think about reviving this old street to its original splendor. Hence, they applied with the Tainan Bureau of Urban Development for the "Tainan Community Renovation Project." Dongshan Farmers' Association also provided two idle lots for this project. By searching for a university interested in this project and collaborating with it, people hope to brainstorm ideas culminating in the creative transformation of this street.

 

本文轉載自「臺南市政府文化局」新書推薦 城鄉風貌映臺南 Rural and Urban Landscapes of Tainan 

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