與國中學生談郭靖 圖:陳鴻文 文:陳慧文

2017/9/10  
  
本站分類:藝文

與國中學生談郭靖      圖:陳鴻文     文:陳慧文

(金門日報2017.9.8)

         與國中學生談郭靖      圖:陳鴻文     文:陳慧文

   作為國中老師,少不得要「暫時保管」學生在上課時偷看的課外讀物,如果收到的是金庸小說,我當天放學時一定還給學生,告訴他喜愛閱讀是好事,只要別在課堂上看就好;如果收到的是輕小說,我往往就要推薦他看金庸小說。

   本來,拿輕小說和金庸小說做一比較,實是對金學的大不敬,但偏偏不少國中小毛頭認為輕小說比金庸小說更好看。輕小說的內容,文字淺白、怪力亂神也就罷了,十之八九還是少年不宜的情色書寫,實在毫無營養。金庸小說則不然,其文字典雅精鍊,時而引用詩詞、掌故,故事以中國的歷史地理為背景,情節寓含處世之道、人生哲理。而且在情愛描寫上,極為節制,父母師長可以放心讓學子閱讀。

    根據我的帶班經驗,七年級的學生看金庸小說,大多沒看兩頁就廢書而嘆,說看不懂。但經過一年的國中教育,再看金庸小說時,突然就發現看懂了,而且小說中的許多用詞(如:成語、謙辭、敬稱等)、朝代名、人名、地名,都與教科書上的知識互為印證,讀了小說後更加深印象,八年級通常是金庸小說在班上蔚為流行的時期,許多學生都曾告訴我:他們在考試時遇到難題,想到金庸小說中的某一句話或某一情節,因此答對了。至於寫作能力的提升,那是潛移默化,一定會的。上九年級後,面對升學壓力,通常家長就禁止他們看小說了,卻往往禁                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             不了他們滑手機、玩電腦。我倒覺得與其如此,倒不如讓他們看金庸小說啊!

   國中生最喜歡的金庸小說人物是誰呢?我原以為,《鹿鼎記》中到處吃得開的人生勝利組韋小寶,應該是最討喜的角色了,沒想到《射鵰英雄傳》中的郭靖才是他們心目中的首選,原來韋小寶雖然機靈有趣,但武功太弱,無法引起國中生英雄式的崇拜;而郭靖原本資質駑鈍,卻屢逢奇遇,功力一次又一次地大躍進,成為武功蓋世的一代大俠,這樣強大的角色才是國中生傾慕、嚮往的對象。

   本來,郭靖這角色非常勵志,很適合國中生取法,但許多學生只艷羨郭靖的好運,沒看到他做過的努力。他們以為自己就像早年的郭靖般,遇上的都是「江南六怪」般只知嚴管勤教的老師,而沒有遇上如馬鈺道長、洪七公、周伯通這樣能讓學生事半功倍、突飛猛進的明師指點,所以學習表現才不盡理想。如果這觀念沒有導正,不但無法如郭靖般邁向成功,倒很可能像楊康般,因羨慕、嫉妒郭靖而產生怨天尤人的心理,走上旁門左道、邪路歪途啊!

   郭靖的啟蒙師父共有六位,號稱「江南六怪」,個個武藝高強,對郭靖傳授督促不懈,然而郭靖記憶力差、理解力低,他「絕非聰明穎悟之人,較之常人實更駑鈍了三分」,「連中人之資都還夠不上」,因此教學成效乍看甚差:「教得十招,往往學不到一招」,但郭靖的學習態度極佳,「他學武的法門,向來便是『人家練一朝,我就練十天』」,如此十年下來,「熟能生巧是生不出的,熟極而流卻也差相彷彿。」「所教的紮根基功夫,他一板一眼的照做,練得甚是堅實。」其後他遇到馬鈺道長、洪七公、周伯通等人,皆稱他拳腳雖不靈巧,但根柢渾厚、練功勤奮、做人踏實,因此願意傾囊相授。若沒有十年來江南六怪的嚴教不輟、郭靖的苦練不怠,打下了深厚的基礎,日後縱有名師奇遇,也是枉然,正所謂「機會是留給準備好的人」啊!

   相反的,楊康雖然記性好、悟性高,卻好高騖遠,只想躐等速成,他不肯跟著丘處機道長好好練基本功,而向梅超風學了陰毒的「九陰白骨爪」和「摧心掌」,武藝雖然一時高於同儕,其後卻難再有長進。楊康見愚笨老實的郭靖一再遇到貴人相助、名師傳授,便心生不滿,覺得天道不公、世人偏心,卻從來沒反省自己,真是「聰明反被聰明誤」啊!

   若學生有楊康的聰明伶俐、又有郭靖的苦練精神和正直人品,那老師當然再歡喜不過,但這樣的學生畢竟鳳毛麟角。有句話說:「得天下英才而教之,一樂也」,但如果是像楊康那樣不肯用功、品行又差的「英才」,對老師來說恐怕非但無樂、反增煩惱;而如果是像郭靖那樣可愛又用功的「蠢材」,教起來雖然辛苦,但想必是倍感欣慰的。所以,相較之下,我寧可學生像郭靖這樣帶點傻勁、踏實用功,而不要像楊康那樣耍小聰明、專走捷徑,卻沒打好基礎,最後一事無成。同學們喜歡郭靖這個角色,別只知道為他的好運奇遇拍案叫絕,更要學習他老老實實的做人做事才好哇!

 

 

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